Our chief authorities are a work styled Plantation Papers, being an account of the settlements in Ulster in 1610, by the Rev. George Hill and Reid's History of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland.
The history of the scotch-irish is necessarily a history of the troubles they suffered on account of their religion. It must be borne in mind, however, in this connection, that the great principle of relig ious liberty was not recognized in the 17th and the early part of the 18th centuries. The opinion prevailed that it was the duty of the civil government to maintain the church and, the church being divided into various sects, nearly every sect was striving to obtain government recognition and support, to the exclusion of every other. In nearly all European countries some one church was established by law, and nonconformity to it was regarded as disloyal and punishable; and no doubt some good men believed they were doing God service by trying to crush out all those who followed not with them. And it was too often the case that the persecuted became persecutors when they obtained the power. Of course, no church of the present day is responsible for the errors and wrongs of a former age.
Ulster, the most northern province of Ireland, is composed of the following nine counties Antrim, Armagh, Cavan, Bonigal, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, Monaghan, and Tyrone.
In consequence of rebellions in Ireland during the latter years of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, large portions of the land held by the titled proprietors were confiscated, and many new settlers were intro duced from England. At the time James came to the throne, the country enjoyed peace, which was due to the desolations the land had suffered. The province of Ulster was almost depopulated. The rem nant of its inhabitants suffered the combined horrors of pestilence and famine. With the exception of a few fortified cities, the towns and villages were destroyed and scarcely any buildings remained except the castles of the English conquerors, or the wretched cabins of the natives. There was scarcely any cultivation, and many of the people betook themselves to woods where they lived almost in a state of nature. The state of civilization among the natives may be inferred from the fact that they attached horses to the plows by their tails.
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Publisher - Forgotten Books
Language - English
Author(s) - Jos; A. Waddell
Published Date - August 24 2019
ISBN - 9780260333988
Dimesions - 22.9 x 15.2 x 3.3 cm
Page Count - 560
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