A Chronology of The Anglo-Saxons 1001 a.d. until 1066 a.d. and The House of Normandy 1066 a.d. until 1154 a.d.

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A chronological history of the period from 1001a.d. to the Norman conquest of England in 1066 a.d with the enormous changes brought about by the Nornan conquest. Anglo-Saxon England. Facing the threat of Viking invasions, the House of Wessex became dominant during the 9th century, under the rule of Alfred the Great. During the 10th century, the individual kingdoms unified under the rule of Wessex into the Kingdom of England, which stood opposed to the Danelaw, the Viking kingdoms established from the 9th century in the north and east of England. The Kingdom of England fell in the Viking invasion from Denmark in 1013 and was ruled bythe House of Denmark until 1042, when the Anglo-Saxon House of Wessex was restored. The last Anglo-Saxon king, Harold Godwinson, was killed in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings. The Battle of Hastings 1066 and the House of Normandy. William's claim to the English throne derived from his familial relationship with the childless Anglo-Saxon King Edward the Confessor, who may have encouraged William's hopes forthe throne. Edward died in January 1066 and was succeeded by his brother-in-law Harold II of England. The Norwegian king Harald Hardrada invaded northern England in September 1066, was victorious at the Battle of Fulford, but Harold defeated and killed him at the Battle of Stamford Bridge on 25 September 1066. Within days, William landed in southern England. Harold marched south to confront him, leaving a significant portion of his army in the north. Harold's army confronted William's invaders on 14 October at the Battle of Hastings; William's force defeated Harold, who was killed in the engagement. Although William's main rivals were gone, he still faced rebellions over the following years and was not secure on his throne until after 1072. The lands of the resisting English elite were confiscated; some of the elite fled into exile. To control his new kingdom, William gave lands to his followers and built castles commanding military strongpoints throughout the land. Other effects of the conquest included the court and government, the introduction of Norman French as the language of the elites, and changes in the composition of the upper classes, as William enfeoffed lands to be held directly from the king. More gradual changes affected the agricultural classes and village life: the main change appears to have been the formal elimination of slavery, which may or may not have been linked to the invasion.There was little alteration in the structure of government, as the new Norman administrators took over many of the forms of Anglo-Saxon government. This book is part of the Chronology series which endeavors to provide you with a refreshing new approach to history; detailing all the tumultuous events leading to the Norman Conquest and beyond. All in chronological order making reference much easier.


Publisher -

Author(s) - David C Wallace


Published Date -

ISBN - 9781780357935

Dimensions - 27.6 x 21.6 x 0.6 cm

Page Count - 136

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