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Teleology is the study of ends or purposes. This collection of twelve essays examines ancient philosophical and medical approaches to a subject that has often been conflated with theological arguments advocated by proponents of creationism and intelligent design. In so doing, it will enable a better evaluation of teleological argumentation.
This book discusses Aristotle's biological views about 'natural character traits' and their importance for moral development. It provides a new, comprehensive account of the physiological underpinnings of moral development and shows that the biological account of natural character provides the conceptual and ideological foundation for Aristotle's ethical views about habituation.
Aims to present an elucidation of the work of Heraclitus, a pre-Socratic philosopher as the author of "On Nature", the first sustained work of Greek prose. This book comprises two lecture courses delivered by the author at the University of Freiburg during the summers of 1943 and 1944.
Covering the full range of Greek ethical thought, this volume includes chapters on the schools of Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics, and on themes from love and virtue to impartiality and elitism. With cutting-edge research from leading scholars, this Companion will be invaluable for students of ancient philosophy.
This book challenges flawed readings of Aristotle's psychology, offering the first book-length treatment in English of his thinking about mind. Scholars of ancient Greek philosophy, and particularly of Aristotelian psychology, will find this original interpretation highly valuable. It will also appeal to historians of later philosophy and to modern philosophers...
Works in this volume recount the circumstances of Socrates' trial and execution in 399 BC. Euthyphro attempts to define holiness; Apology is Socrates' defense speech; in Crito he discusses justice and defends his refusal to be rescued from prison; Phaedo offers arguments for the immortality of the soul.
This book presents new readings of all parts of Plato's Symposium and offers fresh perspectives on topics including beauty, desire, and immortality. Students and scholars in philosophy and classics will benefit from this insightful and critical examination of a complex and influential dialogue of philosophical, historical, and literary interest.
The second volume of the first fully-fledged English translation of the works of Archimedes - antiquity's greatest scientist and one of the most important scientific figures in history. Based on a reconsideration of the Greek text and diagrams, it includes extensive and insightful comments on Archimedes' scientific style.
Hypatia: The Life and Legend of an Ancient Philosopher brings to life Hypatia's intellectual and political triumphs, uncovers the unique challenges she faced as a female teacher in a man's world, details the tragic story of her murder, and shows why her story has fascinated people for 1600 years.